The lifecycle of a frog is one of nature’s great wonders, but I wanted to know if my frog was pregnant or just digesting her last meal. I did some research, and this is what I found out.
So, How can you tell if your frog is pregnant? You can see a slight fattening around the tummy when your female frog is pregnant. Also, female frogs will sometimes appear pear-shaped when they are about to spawn. However, Most of the time it is difficult to see if she’s pregnant because females don’t look much different than usual.
When do frogs spawn and are they really pregnant?
First of all, female frogs aren’t precisely pregnant. But this term is loosely used for female frogs that carry eggs inside them. Frogs are in a sense more like birds. They both lay eggs.
Want to know what frog eggs look like exactly? read the article I wrote about it here.
Frogspawn appears mostly in ponds from around January till around March. In March you should be able to see frogspawn in well-vegetated, shaded, and shallow ponds across the country.
But how then do the eggs get fertilized?
Usually, frogs can breed from between the age of two and three years old. They often go back to the pond where they were spawned and attract the females there with their croaking. When a female approaches him, he then attaches himself on the back of the female by grasping her under the forelegs. This is where he stays until the female frog lays her eggs. Then, when the females lay spawn, the males fertilize it by spraying semen over them.
If you want to know more about how many eggs female frogs lay and why you can read this article I wrote about it.
Fun fact: There is a possibility that more than one male fertilizes the spawn of a female frog
How to Know if Your Frog is Male or Female
There are several factors to determine if your frog is a male or a female. Below are some pointers in finding out if your frog is male or female
Male frogs are typically the ones that you hear croaking all night long. With this sounds, they call the ladies to attract them to a potential breeding spot. The female then chooses the most attractive sound and approaches him. This does not mean that female frogs can’t make any noise.. they can “scream” when they are in danger, but it isn’t a primary function for them.
Females are bigger Than Males
Generally female frogs er bigger than males. Sure, there are some exceptions to this rule, but generally speaking are females bigger. If you think about it, this makes sense. The female frogs are the ones that are holding the eggs, and the bigger the female is, the more eggs she can carry with her, and this means that there is potential for more offspring!
Measure the size
For most species, it is normal that the male frog is smaller than the female. To give you an example… Tree frogs range from 1 – 5.5 inches (about 3-14 centimeters). Females are generally about half an inch longer than the male frog and weight slightly more than the males.
So it makes sense to measure your frog if you want to know if it is a male or female.
Male and female frogs have different genitals. But this isn’t the most accurate way of determining if your frog is male or female. This is because both genders have their genitalia housed inside their body.
How To Breed Your Pet Frog
First, and this seems very logical, you have to have male and female frogs. Even more ideal would be to have a group of frags where there are more males than females.
Have the proper environment
Second, Make the environment so that it is ready for breeding. When you look at how the reproduction goes in the wild, you will notice that the frogs breed only in certain seasons. This is what you must do precisely in the environment your frogs live in. You can do this well by using light and temperature manipulation.
For example, if you want to breed red-eyed tree frogs, you need to cut down on the frequency of misting the tank. You need to make the tanks’ temperature lower by 5 degrees Fahrenheit. And, you should know that your frogs won’t eat as much as they usually do in the breeding time. But, you should take notes on their health and make sure they are in good health. After about a month you can turn the heat up again, moisten heavily, and feed your frogs plenty of food.
Make the right Habitat
Third, Place the frogs that are ready to breed in an optimal environment. This requires that you learn the signs of breeding readiness in the species of frogs that you want to breed. If we take the red-eyed tree frog again as an example, you can notice that the females will swell with eggs, and the males will start to vocalize.
Try to provide a so-called “rain chamber” this is to mimic the rain forest setting that they usually would be in.
Put the Frogs Back in Their Normal Living Space
Fourth, Now, once the eggs have been laid, you should return the adult frogs to their usual home. Give the eggs some time to develop into tadpoles and make sure that the new tadpoles can enter warm water immediately.
Fact: A water temperature of 75 degrees Fahrenheit is essential for the new tadpoles
Fifth, Now you have to feed the tadpoles. This you can do by giving them finely-ground fish food.
Sixth, Keep the baby frogs moist because they can die if they become dried out. Also, you now have to feed the baby frogs some insects such as wingless fruit flies and small crickets.
Seventh, and not the least important… Prevent your sibling frogs from mating with each other! In this way, you decrease the chance of development of inherited diseases.
Do The Research On Your Own Individual Frog
In this case, I have used the red-eyed tree frog as an example. This doesn’t mean that the process is the same for all frog species. Do you own research about the frogs you want to breed!
Do frogs always need a pond to reproduce? Some frogs don’t need much water when they want to mate. A little rain in a curled leaf is sometimes all that is needed for the female frog to lay her frogspawn. When the eggs of the female frog make contact with water, their jelly (or protective layers) will soak up the water and becoming a jelly-like substance to protect the eggs.
How many eggs does a frog lay at a time? The female frog can lay up to 20.000 eggs all at once, and they are protected with jelly. After the eggs have been fertilized, it takes around 201 days for the eggs will hatch. After the female has laid her eggs, so doesn’t bother for protecting the eggs. This means that some eggs may become dinner for a fish. This then means that of the 20.000 eggs she laid, maybe only 10 will actually hatch into tadpoles.
Can female frogs reproduce without a male frog?No, female frogs do need a male frog to reproduce. This is because the eggs need fertilization and the female frog can’t do that herself. There is always a male frog needed to spray semen over the eggs. In this way, the eggs get fertilized and will hatch about 21 days later.