As I have become more interested in frogs, I’ve have conducted a little research to find out what they need for survival in a tank. This is the information that I found useful, and I would like to share the information with you.
What conditions do frogs need for survival in a tank? The right conditions for frogs to survive in a tank are:
the right temperature
good light setup
A nice habitat
Plants for hiding and decoration
Depending on the species of frog, a water filtration system
Below I’m going to dive deeper into the subjects I listed above, to give you an overview of the right setup for frogs to survive in a tank.
humidity in The Tank
The humidity in a tank is essential to all species of frogs. Without the right humidity, your frog won’t shed properly, and this can lead to various severe health conditions as you can read here (why do frogs shed?). Humidity tends to impact amphibians, such as your frog, more severely.
If you don’t provide the proper humidity, your frog will just dry up. It doesn’t matter where your frog comes from. If it is a tropical rainforest or the harshest desert. Humidity is necessary to it’s well being.
So, what then is the proper humidity?
This depends on the species of your frog. If you want to hold frogs as pets, make sure that you provide the right conditions so that your frog can survive in a tank.
Below is a chart where you can see which frog needs which percentage of humidity and ways to maintain it.
|Frogs||Humidity %||How to maintain|
|Golden Tree Frog||Over 60%||Misting the tank about once or twice a day.
On dry months only. Also, provide a water bowl.
|Green Tree Frog||Over 65%||Misting your tank several times a week.
Only during dry months. Also, provide a water bowl.
|Leopard Frog||70% – 75%||Only mist the tank in the evening.
Use a moisture-retaining substrate and, use a large water bowl.
|Ornate Horned Frog||50% – 70%||Use a moisture-retaining substrate, mist the tank daily and provide a water bowl.|
|Red-eyed Tree Frog||60% – 70%||Have a terrarium cover, use a moisture-retaining substrate and mist the tank.|
|White’s Tree Frog||50% – 60%||Mist the tank of your White’s Tree Frog daily and provide a water bowl.|
|Pacman Frog||60% – 80%||Use appropriate live plants, mist lightly,
use a moisture-retaining substrate and provide a water bowl
the right temperature
We humans are what we call warm-blooded. Our body measures the local temperature, and we then shives or sweat appropriately to maintain a body temperature of about 37 degrees Celcius. This is not the case when we look at frogs.
Frogs are what we call cold-blooded. They don’t maintain the right temperature by shivering or sweating, but they maintain the temperature of the immediate environment. The right temperature is relative to the species of the frog.
Below I have made a chart where you can see which frog needs which temperature.
|Golden Tree Frog||Do best when kept in the mid-high 70s (around 74 to 76F)|
|Green Tree Frog||Need a day temperature between 74 and 82F. Night temperature can be between 64 and 72F.|
|Leopard Frog||Can be held at room temperature between 58 and 75F. At night you can drop the temperature down to 60F.|
|Ornate Horned Frog||Do best when kept between 65 and 85F most of the time. At night the temperature can be reduced.|
|Red-eyed Tree Frog||Need a day temperature between 75 and 85F At night the temperature can be between 65 and 75F.
|White’s Tree Frog||Do best when kept between 75 and 85F Personally I think between 74 and 76F is best.
|Pacman Frog||Need a day temperature between 75 and 85F. During the night it can be between 65 and 75F.
How to provide the right temperature
You can provide the right temperature for your frog to make use of a heat lamp or an under-tank heater to warm the terrarium. To help you keep track of the temperature you can use a thermometer in the habitat.
Good Light Setup
Light is of vital importance for keeping your frog healthy. In nature, frogs have evolved to use the sunlight to their advantage as a source of heat and UVB radiation. Both of these sources help with some metabolic processes. When your frog is in captivity, you need to mimic this kind of conditions so that your frog can live healthily. In a tank, lighting is primarily used for three things: heat, UVB radiation and as lighting for the vivarium.
As you now know, frogs are cold-blooded which means that they depend on their environment for their temperature. An area of elevated temperature in your vivarium gives the frog the opportunity to raise its body temperature.
For UVB Radiation
The sun is not only a source of heat, but it also gives an intense source of ultraviolet radiation. Exposing your frog to the UVB radiation, even for a short amount of time, provides the Vitamin D production it needs for proper calcium absorption in the intestines. When your frog is in a tank, UVB lighting is generally given by artificial means.
For the vivarium
Lighting in the vivarium usually is only necessary to keep the plants in the habitat happy.
Make a Frog Habitat
Creating a proper tank environment requires a bit of thought. It entirely depends on the natural habitat of your frog. There are four standard tank setups for frog care that you can consider.
The first one is the terrestrial tank
This type of container is best suited for a dry climate. It is a large tank with a substrate, a water bowl, plants, and branches for the frog.
The aquatic tank
As the name already reveals, this tank is full of water and is mainly the same setup as you would have for fish. It primarily consists of a substrate of aquarium gravel and some plants as for decor.
The half/half tank
This is probably the most common setup. This setup consists of half water and half land. You can do
The arboreal tank
This tank is almost specially made for Treefrogs. Most of the time they spend their time high in tree branches. This is why Tree frogs are better off in a taller tank that suits their instincts. You can use a square of hexagon shape tank with lots of branches so that your Tree frog can climb.
The size of the tank depends on the species of the frog. Smaller frogs can live in smaller tanks but as the frog grows, so does the tank size. A general rule is that most species do well in a 20-gallon tank.
A water filtration system
Water filtration plays a vital part in any aquatic or half/half tank this is listed above. Water filters clean the water in mainly three ways. Mechanical, biological and chemical. Mechanical filtration physically removes debris from the water while biological filtration uses bacteria and something called beneficial strains to break down all the organic waste in the tank.
Lastly, chemical filtration, like carbon pads, bind impurities and organic residues chemically and then remove it from the system. Regardless of which filtration system is in place, it is essential to maintain a high quality of water and regular changing of the water.
Good to know: Filters provide water circulation which helps with a cleaner and healthier environment for your frog.
How do frogs survive in the winter? Hibernation is a standard response to the cold winter. When the frog finds or makes a living space that guards him against the wheater, the frogs’ metabolism slows down so that it can sleep the whole winter by utilizing its stored body energy.
Can frogs survive without water? Yes, frogs can survive without water. The key isn’t the consumption of water. Frogs can get a significant amount of water from the insects they eat. However, water is necessary for frogs to reproduce.
Can a frog live in water or do they need land? Certain frog species can live in water. The African Dwarf frogs, African Clawed Frogs, and Titicaca Water Frog are aquatic frogs and do not require land.